ISRO will explore the far side of the moon

ISRO has successfully completed Mars, Moon exploration missions and is ready to explore new planets. During the Akash tattva lecture, Anil Bharadwaj, Director of Physical Research Laboratory based in Ahmedabad, introduced ISRO’s future missions and described that ISRO has its sights set on exploring Mars, Venus and of the far side of the moon.

In collaboration with the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), it will very soon send a lunar rover to explore the shadowy region of the plane. According to the plan, the lander and rover will be built by ISRO and will be launched into orbit by a Japanese rocket with a planned landing near the moon’s south pole.

The dark side of the moon
The hemisphere if the earth facing the earth is called the “dark side of the moon”. Sunlight falls on all parts of the moon equally, but it is dark for us because this hemisphere is never visible from earth due to the tidal lock.

Source – NASA webpage

Tide Lock
The moon revolves around the earth and the two bodies are linked to each other by gravitational forces. Aa the earth is much bigger than the moon, the rotation of the moon slowed us down until it reached a point of equilibrium. This point of equilibrium is where the time it takes for the moon to complete a full rotation around its axis is the same as the time it takes for the moon to fully orbit the earth, becoming “tidally locked” .

The first successful soft landing on the far side of the Moon was carried out by the Chinese National Space Mission’s Chang’e4 mission in 2019, which also collected samples to determine the age and composition of the surface of the Moon. the dark side of the moon. The far side of the moon is expected to have a thick crust and offer much better exploration and it doesn’t even have radio communication disturbances from our atmosphere, radio astronomy can be exploited well here. Therefore, there are many designed perks that require exploring the far or dark side of the moon.

The Chang’e4 on the far side of the moon

The vehicle sent by ISRO for solar exploration will be named Aditya L-1 in which a 400 kg class satellite would be placed in orbit around the sun. The orbit will be located 1.5 million km from Earth and will attempt to understand coronal heating, solar wind acceleration and coronal mass ejection near Earth space weather.

The Aditya L-1, Chandrayaan-3 missions will be given priority and will be followed by the Venus exploration missions and the one with JAXA. It is therefore crucial for the development of new technologies in the country and for its prestige in the world of space exploration.

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