What is NDMA? Establishment, vision, structure and functions

Here’s everything you need to know about the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA).

Here is everything you need to know about India’s top disaster management authority. (Photo: National Disaster Management Authority)

The National Disaster Management Authority, NDMA, was established in 2005 after the Indian government enacted the Disaster Management Act to establish rules, standards and good practices in disaster management and mitigation. disasters. It is also the supreme disaster management authority in India.

How was NDMA born?

  • The origin of NDMA dates back to August 1999, when the Indian government established a High Level Committee (HPC) to make recommendations for the preparation of disaster management plans while suggesting effective mitigation mechanisms.
  • A similar national committee was established in 2001 after the Gujarat earthquake for the same purpose.
  • As a first step, a detailed chapter on disaster management was included in the tenth five-year plan, while the Twelfth Finance Committee was also tasked with reviewing financial arrangements for disaster management.
  • It was after the Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004 that the government enacted the 2005 Disaster Management Act, institutionalizing NDMA.

Structure of NDMA

  • NDMA is headed by the Prime Minister as ex officio president.
  • The President (PM) may appoint other members to NDMA, the total of which may not exceed nine.
  • The NDMA President (PM) also has the right to appoint a NDMA Vice President.
  • The Vice-President has the status of Cabinet Minister and the other members have the status of Minister of State.
  • There is also a provision for SDMA for State and DDMA for District with their separate functions.

What is the vision of NDMA?

NDMA’s vision as listed on the NDMA website is: “To build a safer and disaster-resilient India through a holistic, proactive, technology-driven and sustainable development strategy that involves all stakeholders and fosters a culture of prevention, preparedness and mitigation. . “

What are the functions of NDMA?

  • The main function of NDMA is to establish policies on disaster management.
  • NDMA is responsible for approving the national plan.
  • NDMA also reviews plans prepared by Indian government ministries or departments in accordance with the national plan and is responsible for approving them.
  • The NDMC further defines the guidelines to be followed by state authorities when developing the state plan.
  • In the same vein, the NDMC also establishes guidelines to be followed by the various ministries or departments of the Indian government with the aim of incorporating disaster prevention or mitigation measures into their plans and projects. development.
  • The NDMC also coordinates the application and implementation of the disaster management policy and plans.
  • The NDMC also provides recommendations on the provision of funds for disaster mitigation purposes.
  • NDMC provides support to other countries affected by major disasters under the leadership of the central government.
  • The NDMC can also take any additional measures it deems essential for disaster prevention, mitigation, preparedness and capacity building in the event of crisis scenarios or dangerous disasters.
  • The NDMC is also responsible for formulating general policies and guidelines for the operation of the National Institute for Disaster Management.

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